What Is the Difference Between Hemp and CBD Oil?
When you read about CBD oil online, the first thing you’re likely to notice is that it has been a primary focus of medical studies in recent years. So far, isolating CBD from the hemp plant appears to yield a substance with real benefits. Medical researchers have studied whether CBD might be useful in the treatment of a variety of different conditions, and many studies have produced promising results.
The second thing you’ll notice when researching CBD oil is that it isn’t cheap. It is, in fact, one of the more expensive supplements on the market. If CBD oil is an oil produced from hemp plants, you may wonder why you can’t simply buy hemp oil from your local health food store and save a bundle of money. Unfortunately, things aren’t that easy. Hemp oil and CBD oil are two very different substances – and as you’re about to discover, there are some very good reasons why CBD oil costs as much as it does.
Comparing hemp oil vs. CBD oil, the key difference is that the two products come from different parts of the hemp plant. Hemp oil comes from the seeds, and CBD oil can come from stems, leaves and flowers.
Oil is nearly half of what’s in a hemp seed. Hemp oil production is relatively easy; you can obtain the oil by pressing the seeds. An acre of land will produce around 8,000 pounds of hemp seeds, and pressing the seeds will yield about 300 gallons of hemp oil. The 6,000 pounds of hemp flour left over from the pressing process can become a valuable secondary source of revenue for the producer. Hemp flour is rich and protein and makes excellent animal feed.
In comparison to the production of hemp oil, producing CBD oil is more expensive while yielding less product.
- You can crowd industrial hemp plants together if you’re growing them for the seeds. If you’re growing the plants for CBD extraction, you’ll need to plant them further apart – so you’ll get a lower yield from the land.
- Hemp plants only yield about 10 percent of their weight as CBD oil.
- To create a safe, solvent-free CBD oil, you need an expensive CO2 extraction machine. You also need to grind the plant material as finely as possible to maximize your yield, further adding to the cost of production.
- Consumers expect consistent potency in the CBD products they buy. A producer of CBD oil must routinely test its products to ensure that its customers are buying what they expect. Laboratory analysis adds greatly to the expense of CBD production.
In short, the primary reason why CBD oil costs so much more than hemp oil is because the production of CBD oil requires more land, more plant material and more labour.
Hemp oil doesn’t only cost less than CBD oil because it’s easier to produce; it also costs less because hemp seeds contain no cannabinoids. Hemp oil, in other words, contains no CBD. All of the hemp plant’s cannabinoids are stored within the plant material – not the seeds. Hemp oil producers wash the seeds thoroughly before pressing them to ensure that no cannabinoids are present in the final product. While hemp oil is a nutritious food with plenty of its own benefits, its uses are entirely different from those of CBD oil.
Uses and Benefits
By now, you’re most likely getting the idea that hemp oil and CBD oil are completely different things – and that’s because they are. Hemp oil is a culinary oil, and CBD oil is a supplement. Hemp oil, however, does have health benefits. It has an omega fatty acid profile, for example, that’s excellent for heart health. Refined hemp oil has a high smoke point and is suitable for cooking. Cold-pressed hemp oil has a delicious nutty flavour that makes it appropriate as a finishing oil or in salad dressings.
CBD oil, on the other hand, is a product that people buy for its potential health benefits rather than its flavour. You can use CBD oil as a finishing oil if you like, but you may not always find that it enhances the flavour of your food. You cannot cook with CBD oil because the CBD content will vaporize when you apply heat. The most common way to take CBD oil is by holding a drop of oil under the tongue for one minute to allow absorption into the bloodstream before swallowing.
Growing and Sourcing
In the UK, all hemp growers are subject to the same regulations. Growing low-THC industrial hemp is legal in the UK if the farmer possesses the proper licence. It is likewise legal to import industrial hemp plant matter or hemp seeds from overseas. In this aspect, hemp oil and CBD oil are similar. They differ drastically, though, when it’s time to convert the seeds or plant material to finished consumer products.
OK CBD products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease or malady. They are not to be used by persons under the age of 18, during pregnancy or when breastfeeding. If in doubt, check with your GP before taking CBD oil.
Interested in finding out More About CBD Oil?
If you want to find out more about CBD before you try it for yourself, you’ll find a wealth of information in our CBD FAQ’s and CBD Blog.
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